Laminate Flooring has Many Layers, Much Like an Onion!

Laminate flooring is a popular choice in flooring worldwide. It has become a favorite in many homes, but do you know what it is exactly? Sometimes when looking into how a product is made we achieve a greater understanding and overall appreciation of the product. So today we will do exactly that, it is time to define laminate flooring!



Heron Bay – Shaw Laminate Flooring


Laminate floors come in many different styles and are designed to mimic everything from exotic hardwoods to concrete floors. Most are arduously detailed providing an authentic look and feel to the touch.

Most laminates consist of 5 layers, however this will vary depending on the process that a particular manufacturer undergoes. But for now we will tackle the basic elements for laminate flooring.

The layers are as follows:

  • Protective Wear Layer
  • Decorative Layer
  • Core Layer
  • Resin Layer
  • Underlayment (Sometimes not present)
With that stated, here is a brief rundown of each layer.

The Protective Layer

This is the layer you will actually touch when your flooring is complete after installation. It is trasparent, and is typically your resistance layer. It will protect agains scratching and scraping during everyday household activities such as children playing, pets, or even high heels.

The Decorative Layer

The decorative layer is really where your laminate comes to life. It consist of an image of the style of flooring it is trying to mimic. This is usually a high definition image, containing a lot of detail. As time has passed manufacturer’s have significantly improved these visual images, and today it is very hard to tell the different between a laminate and the real thing!

The Core

This is the most important of the layers as it relates directly to the durability of the product. The core is usually made of a high density fiberboard. This type of material contributes to impact resistance, stability and durability.

The Resin Layer

This will differ greatly from one manufacturer to the other. But typically it consists of a melamine resin which acts mainly as a structural layer and adds a level of moisture resistance to the product.


Sometimes attached to the product itself, and sometime you will buy it seperately. Either way your laminate will require it. This is because it is used to smooth over small imperfections in your sub-flooring. It also has a tendency to reduce the noise that comes from walking across the laminate flooring. It also further helps the core by softening the impact related to walking across the flooring. Going even further to impress, it is an excellent moisture barrier. Just consider Underlayment the side-kick of the other layers, because it helps each layer do its job even better.

Installing a Laminate Flooring

Many people buy laminate flooring because it is so much more diy friendly than that of traditional types of flooring. This is because it can be installed using the floating method! Most laminate have a click and lock mechanism, so you will not have to nail it down or glue, making it very possible to install without hiring a professional!


I hope that this provided a better understanding of Laminate flooring and its basic structure. If you have any questions or require further information, please leave a comment below.
Thanks for reading and as always, Happy Home and Flooring!

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